How Many Authors Are Needed To Use Et Al?

Does et al have a period?

The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period.

This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al..

Is it OK to say hi all in email?

If you’re addressing a group of people, Pachter advises you write, “Hi everyone.” GREETINGS TO AVOID: ‘Hey! ‘ This is fine to use with your friends, but the very informal salutation should stay out of the workplace.

Can you use et al for 3 authors Harvard?

If the work has four or more authors/editors the abbreviation ‘et al. … It is also acceptable to use ‘et al. ‘ after the first author if the work has three authors.

How do you use et al in APA 7th edition?

APA 7th ed. in-text citations for works with three or more authors include only the first author name and “et al.” (which means “and others” in Latin) is used in all citations, including the first in-text citation: (Smith et al., 2019).

How do you cite more than 4 authors in APA?

APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.

How do you cite more than three authors?

In the citation, if a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase “et al.” Example citations: It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2011).

How do you cite et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

How do you cite more than 5 authors in APA?

More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author’s name, use an ellipsis in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names.

How many authors should you include in your end citations before adding et al?

General Use of Et Al. Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.

Which APA format should I use?

APA Style provides fairly comprehensive guidelines for writing academic papers regardless of subject or discipline. However, traditionally, APA is most frequently used by writers and students in: Social Sciences, such as Psychology, Linguistics, Sociology, Economics, and Criminology.

How do you cite more than 10 authors in APA?

For the in-text citation for a book with eight or more authors, include the first author and then ‘et al. ‘. Include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author name in the Reference List.

Can you cite the same source twice?

If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end.

Does et al need a comma?

The phrase “et al.”—from the Latin et alii, which literally means “and others”—must always be typed with a space between the two words and with a period after the “l” (since the “al.” is an abbreviation). A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence’s grammar requires it.

Can you use et al for 2 authors?

The Latinate abbreviation “et al.” is short for “et alii,” which means, “and others,” and always refers to people, not objects. So if you had two authors, adding “et al.” would indicate that there were other authors – and since there are no other authors in this case, it is incorrect to use it.

How do you cite more than 3 authors in APA?

A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

Is et al rude?

Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

When Should et al be used?

1. Writers sometimes use the surname of the first author followed by et al. at the first mention of a work that has three, four, or five authors. Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al.

How do you cite the Bible in APA 7th edition?

Citing the BibleWhen quoting the Bible, you must cite the Bible version in the body of the paper and include it in your reference list. … Template: Bible Version, Date of Publication, Book chapter and verse. … Please see the sample student paper or sample graduate paper for a detailed discussion of citing the Bible.